Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal Hero Of Pakistan is a man of excellent character and incredible talent. He must be a man of unique qualities, while Muslim history is full of great people, but Allama Muhammad Iqbal is my hero in history. I think, he is really a man worthy of the title ‘Hero’.
Sir Allama Muhammad Iqbal 9 (Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal Hero Of Pakistan) was born on November 9, 1877, in Sialkot and died on April 21, 1938, in Lahore due to suffering for two months from illness. His Father’s Name was Sheikh Noor Muhammad. The tomb is situated in Hazuri Bagh, the enclosed garden between the entrance of the Badshahi Mosque and the Lahore Fort, and official guards are issued by the Government of Pakistan. Allama Iqbal is widely known as a Muslim poet and philosopher. He became the national poet of Pakistan. He is also known as the East Poet. He wrote poetry in Urdu and Persian.
His family was Kashmiri Pandit (of the Sapru clan) that converted to Islam in the 15th century and which traced its roots back to a South Kashmir village in Kulgam
GAVE IDEA OF PAKISTAN:
Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal gave an idea for a separate homeland for Muslims of the Sub-continent. He worked day and night with his companions Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Fatima Jinnah Chaudary Rahmat Ali, and much more. He gave the idea of the two-nation theory.
PROFESSION OF Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal:
Allama Iqbal began his career as a reader of Arabic after completing his Master of Arts degree in 1899, at Oriental College and shortly afterward was selected as a junior Professor of Philosophy at Government College Lahore, where he has also been a student in the past. He was working there until he left for England in 1905.
PHILOSOPHY OF ALLAMA IQBAL:
Allama Iqbal’s philosophy is centered on the idea that Prophet Muhammad was the essence of the spirit of Islamic culture. The Great Prophet unites the ancient with the modern world. From the ancient world came his message, and, in the present time, his spirit is still prevailing.
ALLAMA IQBAL AS POLITICIAN:
Iqbal was a great promoter of democratic government which is based on Islamic ideology. He believed that the message of Islam is eternal and universal. The main reason for his views is the moral deprivation of Muslims in the sub-continent due to loss of power.
I have never considered myself a poet. Therefore, I am not a rival of anyone, and I do not consider anybody my rival. I have no interest in poetic artistry. But, yes, I have a special goal in mind for whose expression I use the medium of poetry considering the condition and the customs of this country.”translated from the original in Urdu; Maktoobat, Volume I, page195)
Service of Iqbal in Pakistan Movement
Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal’s Idea About Nationhood
Allama Iqbal is the greatest philosopher and poet of today’s era. He had, along with that, a view on political affairs. Through his poetry, he aroused the feeling of Muslim nationality among the Muslims of India. And he told them about the propaganda of the West about the Muslim nation.
When the Hindu philosophers proposed this theory that a nation is born all over the world, and when Maulana Hussein Ahmed Madni seconded it, Iqbal responded strongly to it. His thought and poetry represent the Double Nation Theory, and his poetry aroused a sense of Islamic nationalism among the Muslims of India. This feeling was a landmark in Pakistan ‘s development.
Iqbal and Two-Nation Theory
Allama Iqbal strongly believed that the Muslims of India had a separate identity and that, in order to protect that identity, it was necessary to establish a separate homeland for the Muslims of India. On March 28, 1909, at the invitation of the secular party “Minsva Lodge,” he said
I have been a keen supporter of this theory that religious differences in this country should end and even now I practice this principle. But, now I think that separate national identity for the Muslims and the Hindus is necessary for their survival.
At his presidential address in 1930, on the occasion of the annual session of the Muslim League in Allahbad, Iqbal said
“India is a continent of human groups belonging to different races, speaking different languages, and professing different religions. Their behavior is not at all determined by a common race consciousness. I, therefore, demand the formation of a consolidated Muslim state in the best interest of India and Islam
Ideology of Pakistan and Iqbal
Iqbal was against nationalism. He considered all of the Muslims to be part of the One Umma. For him, a Muslim, whether he belonged to some part of the world, was part of a fraternal relationship. He found nationalism to be the coffin of the Muslim Umma.
Therefore, contrary to the shortcomings and drawbacks of nationalism, Iqbal gave the theory of “Millat-e-Islamia” and this theory is the foundation of Pakistan ‘s ideology.
IQBAL’S POINT OF VIEW ABOUT EDUCATION:
According to Iqbal, education should be such as to lead the human being towards a life of action, the growth of individuality should be the goal of education. Education is a mechanism that encourages learning or the development of information, skills, values, beliefs, and customs. Educational approaches include instruction, training, storytelling, debate, and study.